Things that you should know
1. The toxic and dose that can cause fatal of chocolate is 60 mg/kg - so a 10lb dog can be death after only consuming 300 mg of chocolate.
The clinical signs can be seen when consuming chocolate 20 mg/kg - meaning our 10lb dog will have the problems if only consuming 100 mg of chocolate .
The severe signs will happen at 40 mg/kg - or consuming 200 mg of chocolate per a 10lb dog.
2. The components that cause toxicity are theobromine and caffeine - although the theobromine is the BIGGEST toxin.
3. Here are some relative amounts of theobromine:
Milk chocolate bar (50oz) - 250 mg theobromine
Dark chocolate bar (70% cocoa) - 600 mg theobromine
Unsweetened Baking chocolate (per square) - 400 mg theobromine
Semisweet Chocolate Chips (per 30 chips) - 250 mg theobromine
Instant Cocoa Powder (per ounce) - 150 mg theobromine
Dry Cocoa Powder (per ounce) - 700 mg theobromine
4. Here are some of the clinical signs after 6-12 hours of chocolate consuming.
Diarrhea, vomiting, restlessness, bloating, increased urinating, increased drinking.
Hyperactivity, tremors, seizures, increased heart rate/arrythmia, cyanosis(bluish gums), increased blood pressure, increased respirations, hyperthermia, coma.
5. What you need to do
- If your dog or cat consumes 20 mg/kg of theobromine or more, you should induce vomiting.
Remove Toxin. In many cases of toxicity, induce vomiting to your pet is the most important thing that you can do. Vomit inducing is to give 1 teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide per 10lb of body weight. If your pet doesn't vomit within 10 minutes, do it again. Never give peroxide more than 2 times. You can also use salt by dilute 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 tablespoon of water very 10lb body weight.
DELAY ABSORPTION. Activated charcoal is useful and available at most pharmacies. It will help slowly the absorption of any toxin by combining with the toxic component in the stomach. The easiest method is giving it in capsule form. For dogs that like to eat garbage. It is a good idea to have hydrogen peroxide and activated charcoal near at hand.
- If your dog is showing any clinical signs, such as vomiting, bloating, increased drinking and tremors, then see your Veterinarian IMMEDIATELY.
- If you can't induce vomiting, SEE your Veterinarian as soon as possible.
Original Article is from Dr. Andrew Jones' email, and you can go to his website at veterinarysecretsrevealed.com